Silvopastoral systems (SPS) are a type of agroforestry arrangements that allows the intensification of cattle production based on natural processes that are recognized as an integrated approach to sustainable land use. It combines livestock production with rotational grazing using different pastures, forages, fodder shrubs and timber trees as parts of the same system. Through the adoption of SPS, this “natural alliance” makes all components mutually beneficial, achieving increases in productivity, and profitability, and at the same time, improving the efficiency of natural resource use.